Plants and Trees

This page is devoted to foraging and identifying edible plants, berries, nuts, and fruit for wilderness survival.  All the information shared here is verified through multiple sources including my own experience.  Pictures are my own.  



Stellaria media Caryophyllaceae

Stems and leaves edible.  Great, mild tasting salad greens.  96 Cal per cup; 15 Carbs.  Contains calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, selenium, silica, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc, Beta carotene, Vitamin A, C, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Ascorbic Acid, and niacin. 


Common Plantain

Plantago major Plantaginaceae

Tender winter or spring leaves edible.  Leaves make nutritious vegetable stock.  Contains calcium, iron, Vitamins A, C, K.  Crushed leaf poultice good for cuts or scrapes.  Tannin in juice constricts blood vessels, stops bleeding.  Al-lan-to-in promotes healing of injured cells and organic emulsifiers soften skin.

winter cress.jpg

Winter Cress       

Barbarea vulgaris Brassicaceae

Grows throughout winter even under the snow if you know where to look.  Biennial plant with basal rosette of dark green leaves in first leaves.  Boil in change of water if bitter.  High in Vitamin C.




Vaccinium corymbosum Ericaceae

Berries 1/2” to 3/4” are white and ripen to blue/indigo in mid-late summer.  83 Calories per cup, 21g carbs, 14g sugar, 1g protein.  Contains Vitamins C, B6, Iron, Potassium, Magnesium. 


Eastern White Pine

Pinus Strobus Pinaceae

Edible sap, peeled spring shoots and soft inner bark.  Needles contain Vitamins A, C, K, Antioxidant beta-carotene, Thiamin, and Riboflavin. 


Yellow Wood Sorrel "Shamrock"

Oxalis stricta Oxalidaceae

Flower and seeds appear together in spring.   Contains Vitamin C, Potassium, and Oxalic Acid that gives a Lemon taste.  Leaves and flowers as trail nibble or added to salad.  Fresh leaf hot tea or cold drink.



Blue Violets

Viola cucullata Violaceae

Tender spring leaves edible in salad or cooked, added to other dishes. Flowers make a great trail nibble.



Diospyros Virginiana Ebenaceae


Round, green fruit 1 1/2” diameter matures to rosy-peach in autumn when the leaves fall or after first frost.  Fruit has calyx like blueberry.  Ripe fruit flesh is mushy and sweet.   

118 calories per fruit, 31g carbs, 21g sugar, 1g protein.  Contains Potassium, Vitamin C, Calcium.